When an orphaned, sick, or injured bear enters into rehabilitation the following series of events occur to ensure the animal's successful return back to the wild: 1. Rescue, 2. Admission to rehabilitation facility, 3. Stabilize the bear's condition, 4. Initial examination, 5. Medical treatment, 6. Intensive care (treatment & monitoring), 7. Intermediate care (restricted activity), 8. Pre-release conditioning, 9. Release evaluation, 10. Release, and 11. Monitoring. This cycle of care is called husbandry.
Rehabilitation is a process of graduated caregiving that encourages the resolution of primary and secondary medical conditions, and the healthy growth and development of the bear cub or injured adult to secure the animal's successful return to the wild habitat that it came from.
The successful release of a rehabilitated bear cub or adult is a team effort that includes rehabilitation, veterinary, and government agency staff members.
Most bears that enter into a rehabilitation program do so due to human bear conflicts, as human populations encroach deeper into traditional wild bear habitats.